Treatments and Therapies for Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy and Associated Conditions
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is associated with numerous other health conditions that have brain injury as a common cause, including cerebral palsy (CP), intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (I/DD), behavioral or emotional disorder, learning disabilities, speech and language disorders, and limitations in mobility, among other conditions. One of the keys to maximizing a child’s abilities after they are born and diagnosed with HIE is aggressive early intervention and therapeutic support throughout their development. In addition to formal early intervention programs, children may also need medical intervention for their associated health conditions.
As of right now, there is only one treatment available to reduce the extent of the physical damage caused by hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. This treatment is known as hypothermia therapy (but is also referred to as therapeutic hypothermia, brain cooling, head cooling, whole-body cooling, or cooling therapy). When a child is diagnosed with HIE, care standards mandate that hypothermia therapy (brain cooling) is performed, meaning all children with HIE should receive hypothermia therapy. To learn more about brain cooling, please visit our main brain cooling page.
Please feel free to explore the ‘Treatments and Therapies’ section of the HIE Help Center to learn about the various supportive care options available to help your child’s development. Please note that treatments should always be guided by the advice of a medical professional; this guide is merely an informational resources designed to help raise awareness of the different possibilities available to parents of children with HIE.
- Hypothermia therapy (within 6 hours of birth)
- Surgical Interventions for Cerebral Palsy
- Medications for Cerebral Palsy
- Physical therapy
- Behavioral and emotional therapy
- Sensory integration therapy
- Speech/language pathology
- Occupational therapy (life skills development)
- Massage therapy
- Stem cell therapy
- Recreational therapy
- Assistive and adaptive technologies
- Service Animal Assistance