The long-term outcomes of babies who have HIE can vary widely – those with the mildest HIE or those who received hypothermia therapy quickly enough may not have any impairments at all, while those with severe HIE may require around-the-clock care. Babies with HIE can also have the following, depending on the severity of the diagnosis:
- Seizures/convulsions after birth
- Long-term neurodevelopmental impairments
- Intellectual disabilities
- Learning disabilities
- Cerebral palsy
The severity of the HIE can depend on several factors, including:
- How severe the oxygen deprivation was
- How long the baby was oxygen-deprived
- The baby’s condition prior to the oxygen-depriving incident
- How members of medical staff manage the baby after the oxygen-depriving incident
Generally, the longer the baby is oxygen deprived, the more severe and permanent the HIE will be.
- van Handel, M, et al. Long-term cognitive and behavioral consequences of neonatal encephalopathy following perinatal asphyxia: a review. Eur J Pediatr. 2007 Jul; 166(7): 645–654. Published online 2007 Apr 11. doi: 10.1007/s00431-007-0437-8.
- Perez, A, et al. Long-term neurodevelopmental outcome with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. J Pediatr. 2013 Aug;163(2):454-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.02.003. Epub 2013 Mar 14.
- de Vries LS, et al. Long-term outcome after neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010 May;95(3):F220-4. doi: 10.1136/adc.2008.148205.
- Ahearne, CE, et al. Short and long term prognosis in perinatal asphyxia: An update. World J Clin Pediatr. 2016 Feb 8; 5(1): 67–74.
Published online 2016 Feb 8. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v5.i1.67.